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Conservative (Nonsurgical) Treatments

Most patients do not require surgery and can be successfully treated with rest, medication, immobilization, physical therapy, or a combination of these methods. All of these conservative treatments are aimed at decreasing inflammation and providing relief of symptoms, so that you can participate in a physical therapy program and become more active. They do not cure any of the diseases they are commonly used for, but can control the symptoms for prolonged periods of time. However, if a patient is experiencing severe pain that limits the activities of daily living, surgery may be recommended.

Generally, non-operative treatment consists of the following. Please use the links provided to learn more.

Anti-Inflammatory Medications Bracing Epidural Steroid Injections Facet Joint Injections Physical Therapy

Surgical Treatments

In general, surgery is only considered as a last resort if all attempts at non-operative therapies are unsuccessful, and if the overall potential benefits of surgery are greater than the potential risks. Surgery should only be performed when a number of conditions have been met.

  • The first condition is that non-operative treatment options have been tried and have failed.
  • The second condition is the surgeon believes the person has a good chance of having a successful result with surgery.
  • Another consideration that can influence a successful surgical condition is stress. It may not be a good idea to commit to an operation when there are other major stressful events going on in one's life.
  • The third condition is that the patient must decide whether he or she is having enough of a problem to undergo an invasive procedure that is not guaranteed to work.

Please use the links provided to learn more.

Decompression Disc Replacement Kyphoplasty Spinal Fusion